Trabalho apresentado durante na mesa-redonda 'State of play of implementation of IAS-safe trade in developing countries, challenges and regional co-operation initiatives' durante o WTO STDF Workshop on International Trade and Invasive Alien Species
Genebra, Suíça, 12 July 2012
Evaldo F. VILELA (speaker) and Regina L. Sugayama
To protect Brazil against the entry and establishment of Invasive Allien Species (IAS) is an attribution of the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply counting on the support of several official and private institutions. These play important roles when fighting IAS as it is the case of the Carambola Fruit Fly eradication program, the codling moth eradication program and Huanglonbing monitoring and eradication actions. To prevent the establishment of new plant pests and animal pathogenic diseases is of vital importance to the sustainability of Brazilian agribusiness, in a global scenario of intense international trade of animal and plant products based on the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Agreement.
The country is recognized as benchmark in the research and development of technologies for tropical agriculture due to the outstanding work performed by Embrapa and several other research centers all over the country. Notwithstanding, it has been observed that the theme of plant and animal health has not been receiving the due attention by researchers and funding organisms. Based on this observation the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply induced in 2008 a countrywide project coordinated by the Federal University of Viçosa with the general objective of strengthen the relationship between academy, regulatory organisms and private sector – the Triple Helix of Innovation. The project, entitled ‘Technological Innovation for Plant and Animal Health Protection and Product Inspection (InovaDefesa)’ relies on important partnerships and funds from the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation.
The Project InovaDefesa has undertaken actions towards the establishment of an online social network (www.inovadefesa.ning.com) where > 6,000 professionals interact in groups, blogs, online training courses, webnars, etc. Also, the project has been facilitating tech transfer to official organisms and to the private sector and promoting capacitation building through short term courses and Professional Master Degree courses. By June 2012, three Master Programs had been launched and other three are being implemented. The proposal is that graduate students contribute to the development of processes and technologies applied directly to the improvement of the country’s sanitary and phytosanitary status. Finally, InovaDefesa has been promoting workshops to discuss strategies to prevent the entry of organisms of concern for Brazilian agribusiness. These workshops bring together professionals of regulatory organisms, representatives of growers and supply industries as well as prominent scientists and researchers. Two workshops were promoted during March 2012, focused on the risk of entry of quarantine pests and organisms of obligatory notification through the limits with South American countries.
The starting point to this discussion was the presentation of a pack of infrastructure improvement by the Federal Government so as to facilitate the domestic and continental transit of passengers and products. Thus, the challenge presented to sanitary authorities is to conciliate infrastructure improvement and plant and animal health. Surveys conducted by InovaDefesa demonstrated that at least 100 quarantine pests are present in South American countries and Trinidad and Tobago, among them very aggressive species such as the weed Striga gesneriana, the fungus Moniliophthora roreri, and the weevils Sternochetus mangiferae and Lissorhopthrus oryzophilus. Similarly, the risk entry through the borders of the country of diseases of obligatory notification is increased, such as Q Fever and West Nile Fever.
For the forthcoming year, the Project InovaDefesa will be undertaking actions towards the development of research on these IAS as well as the implementation of diagnostic techniques and sampling methods to support the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock and Food Supply in its important task of keeping Brazil rid of organisms that have the potential to lead to severe direct and indirect losses. Also, it is highly desirable to encourage joint projects involving South American countries so as to generate scientific information on pests and pathogenic organisms necessary to a more accurate evaluation of the potential of entry and damage potential.